On 6 December 1992, a large crowd of Hindu Kar Sevaks demolished the “Structure” at the disputed site in the city of Ayodhya, in Uttar Pradesh. It is belive that the city of Ayodhya is the birthplace of Rama. In the 16th century a Mughal general, Mir Baqi, had built a mosque, known as the Babri Masjid at a site identified as Ram Janmabhoomi, or the birthplace of Rama. Archaeological evidence has been found of a structure pre-dating the mosque. This structure has been variously identified as a Hindu temple.
The demolition occurred after a political rally at the site turned violent. During the first few hours of the rally, the crowd grew gradually more restless, and began raising slogans. A police cordon had been placed around the structure in preparation for attack. However, around noon, a young man managed to slip past the cordon and climb the structure itself, brandishing a saffron flag. This was seen as a signal by the mob, who then stormed the structure.
The demolition was one of the the major factors behind the 1993 Mumbai bombings and many successive riots in the coming decade. Jihadi groups including the Indian Mujahideen cited the demolition of the Babri Mosque as a reason for their terrorist attacks in India. In Pakistan and Bangladesh, Hindus were killed, in Pakistan alone strikes were held across the country, while Muslim mobs attacked and destroyed as many as 30 temples in one day by means of fire and bulldozers.
Let’s take a look at Hinduism and other religions. Hinduism mostly shares common terms with the other Indian religions, including Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism.
- Buddhism originated in ancient India as a Sramana tradition sometime between the 6th and 4th centuries BC.
- Though the origins of Jainism are obscure, still it is believed to be originated in India.
- Sikhism was founded in the 15th-century by Guru Nanak Dev Ji in Indian Sub Continent.
Going back into history, India was invaded by many foreign countries but there was not a single instance where India or Hindus invaded any country. Hindus have a great history of tolerance and respect for all religions. That is the greatness of India. Tolerance is genetically ingrained in Hindu blood.
Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, who is considered to be one of the greatest warriors of his time and even today, stories of his exploits are narrated as a part of the folklore. The Great Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj had inspiring and endearing personality which spontaneously commanded respect, loyalty and the highest sacrifices from his devoted soldiers and peasants. He had respect for all religions, he fought against the Islamic Invaders, but there is no single evidence or incident where he destroyed a Masjid. (Maratha Empire in Yellow)
During the Islamic Invasion, the Hindus lost many battles, and retreated again and again. But they recovered every time, and resumed the struggle so that eventually the enemy was worn out, defeated, and dispersed in the final round which started with the rise of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj.
Most of the parts in India was ruled by Hindu Emperors. Empires were extremely powerful and vast. They ruled the current republic of India and other parts of ancient India most of the times. In the era of Mauryan empire, their kingdom extended to even modern day Iran and Afghanistan.
- Mauryan empire
- Gupta Empire
- Maratha Empire
- Chola Empire
There is a huge list of medieval Hindu and Sikh warriors who never gave up. Some fought the pre-Islamic invasions and many fought the Islamic and European invasions later. But none of them even attacked, demolished or captured a religious place of worship of any other religion.
The claim that the mosque stood on the site of a temple was first made in 1822. Decades of patients for praying at Lord Ram’s birth place was then broken and the structure was demolished on 6th December 1992. Till today Lord Ram Janmabhumi seems to be a dream.
Though many consider 6th December, “Shaurya Diwas” or may call it awakening of Hindus, but it goes against the Peaceful and secular History of Bharat, Hindus and Hinduism.
1. History’s Heroes