129,000 people, mostly civilians, were burnt alive to death, when the United States detonated two nuclear weapons over the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and 9, 1945, respectively. More than half of both cities were destroyed. Major hospitals had been utterly flattened. Care for the injured was impossible. Homes were reduced to rubble. Schools, markets other community services had disappeared. Life for those who survived turned horror, as thousands were maimed. It was death, destruction and despair.
May 7, 1945 when Germany officially surrendered to the Allies (the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and the United States) ending World War II, Germany was totally bombed out. Almost every city was bombed to ashes. “Displaced persons were roaming about the country in search of food, looting what they got.
Transportation and communication services had stopped functioning. Agriculture and industry were largely at a standstill. There was no food and there was a serious risk of famine and disease during the coming months. To make the matter worse there was no central government in being, and the machinery whereby a central government could function no longer existed.”
On 15 August 1947, when India unshackled itself from the chains of British, Britishers had exploited resources, transferred huge amount of wealth from india for the development of its own economy, had applied “divide-and-rule” policy. Therefore, India was a nation of poor, illiterate and unhealthy citizens with a depleted treasury. More than 80% of population (of 34 crores) were illiterate and poor.
Precisely 19 years after death, destruction and despair in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan emerged as a peaceful and economically confident nation on a global stage by hosting Summer Olympic 1964. Grabbing the opportunity of Olympic, Japan launched the first bullet train from Tokyo to Osaka to showcase the world of its technological prowess. Today, Japan is third largest economy tells the story of its grit and perseverance. Japan’s real GDP fell by 50% in 1945, but, Japan’s annual real GDP figures show no decline from 1946 to 1973.
Allies destroyed Germany, reduced it to rubbles, but allies couldn’t demoralise brains and spirit of Germans. Germany has more Nobel Prizes in the sciences than any other nation in the world. From physics and chemistry to cars and consumer products, Germany is a world leader in innovation, boasting leading universities and research institutes alongside major engineering, IT and manufacturing industries. Germany is Europe’s most industrialised and populous country. Germany is 4th largest economy in the world tells the story how Germany rose to sky from rubble.
Almost at the same time India, too, started building a new sovereign India, however, India can’t be compared with Germany and Japan. Even if blessed with natural resources, India managed to become 10th largest economy in the world in 2011. If we talk about our position in Human Development Index in 2014, India’s rank was very very depressing ranking at 135. Even Philippines and Jamaica have rank above at HDI than India.
How India emerged on global stage after 2014 in Modi era would be continued in part II.